来源:考试作文 发布时间:2023-11-18 点击:




Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings?

Model Answer:

Some people think that old, historic buildings are no need for the city and they should be destroyed and replaced with modern ones. However, other people believe that historic buildings must be preserved in order to know and remember our past. For several reasons that I will mention bellow I agree with those people who want to preserve old, historical buildings.

First of all, by preserving historical buildings we pass our history to our future generations. I think that out children should know their history, learn from it and respect it. People need to know their traditions and customs, which are priceless and irreplaceable. Our history is our knowledge and power. From my opinion we need to preserve and restore historical buildings. By destroying them we show our disrespect to our forefathers and their traditions.

Second of all, by preserving historical buildings a city can attract many travelers. Welcoming tourists a city can get many benefits including money, which can be spent on preserving historical buildings as well as on improving roads and facilities.

Also, many tourists mean a lot of new business opportunities. Another important aspect of this is that businessmen will be willing to build new recreational centers, hotels, movie theaters, shopping centers to make a city more attractive for travelers. In addition to those practical benefits, many people will have the opportunity to get a job. All this is good for the economy of the city.

To sum up, I believe that preserving old, historical buildings can bring only benefits to a city and all humankind.




1 随着经济的快速发展 with the rapid development of economy

2 提高人民的生活水平improve people’s living standard

3 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4 面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges

5 人们普遍认为 it is commonly believed/ recognized that …

6 社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development

7 引起了广泛的公共关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention

8 不可否认 it is undeniable that…/ there is no denying that

9 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate

10 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

11 完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

12 一些人….而另一些人… some people … while others …

13 就我而言/ 就个人而言 as far as I am concerned/ personally

14 就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on …

15 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

16 双方的论点 argument on both sides

17 发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in

18 对…必不可少 be indispensable to

19 正如言语所说 as the proverb goes

20 … 也不例外 …. be no exception

21 对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on …

22 利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages

23 导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

24 复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

25 责任感/成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement

26 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

27 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

28 学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

29 经济/ 心理负担 financial burden/ psychological burden

30 考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration

31 从另一个角度 from another perspective

32 做出共同努力 make joint efforts

33 对… 有益 be beneficial/ conductive to ….

34 为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

35 打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for ….

36 综合素质 comprehensive quality

37 无可非议 blameless/ beyond reproach

38 无法想象 beyond imagination/ unimaginable

39 致力于/ 投身于 be committed/ devoted to ….

40 应当承认 admittedly

41 不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

42 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of ….

43 可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

44 宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

45 网络 the Internet

46 方便快捷 convenient and efficient

47 在人类生活的方面面 in all aspects of human life

48 环保的 environmentally friendly

49 社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

50 科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology

51 对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

52 支持前/ 后种观点的人 people/ those in favor of the former/ latter opinion

53 有/提供如下理由/证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence

54 在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree/ in some way

55 理论与实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

56 …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of ….

57 日益激烈的社会竞争 an increasingly fierce social competition

58 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest

59 长远利益 interest in the long run

60 …有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages

61 扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones

62 取其精髓,去其糟粕 take the essence and discard the dregs

63 对…有害 do harm to/ be harmful to/ be detrimental to

64 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information

65 跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with/ catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of …

66 采取有效措施来…. Take effective measures to do sth

67 …的健康发展 the healthy development of ….

68 有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides. No garden without weeds.

69 对…观点因人而异 Views on… vary from person to person

70 重视 attach great importance to ….

71 社会地位 social status

72 把时间和经历放在…上 focus time and energy on …

73 扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge

74 身心两方面 both physically and mentally

75 有直接/间接关系 be directly/ indirectly related to ….

76 提出折中建议 set forth a compromise proposal

77 可取代think的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that

78 缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden

79 优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth

80 与…比较 compared with …/ in comparison with

81 相反 in/ by contrast; on the contrary

82 代替 replace/ substitute/ take the place of

83 经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis

84 提供就业机会 offer job opportunities

85 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

86 毫无疑问 undoubtedly/ there is no doubt that

87 增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding

88 充分利用 make full use of/ make the most use of

89 承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure

90 保障社会的稳定和繁荣 guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

91 更多地强调 put more emphasis on….

92 适应社会发展 adapt oneself to the development of society

93 实现梦想 realize one’s dream/ make one’s dream come true

94 主要的理由列举如下 The main reasons are listed as follows:

95 首先 at first, firstly, to begin with

96 其次 secondly, in the second place

97 再次 besides, in addition, additionally, moreover, furthermore

98 最后 finally, last but not the least, above all, lastly

99 总而言之 all in all, to sum up, in summary, in a word

100 我们还有很长的路要走 we still have a long way to go



1The bar chart illustrates that…该柱状图展示了

2 As is shown in the bar chart, 如柱状图所示,

3It can be concluded from the barchart that…从该柱状图我们可以推导出

4 The bar chart presents the general trend in…该柱状图描述了……总的趋势

5 This bar chart displays the numbers of…该柱状图展示了…的数据

6 The number of … increased by %…的数字上升了百分之…

7 The number of… dropped by %…的数字下降了百分之…

8 The chart reflects several trends. 该图展示了几个趋势

9As can be seen clearly from the barchart, the fluctuation of…tookplace


10 Over the period from…to…the…remained level. 在……至……期间,…基本不变









Some people believe that it is a good idea to continue to work at their old age. Do you agree or disagree.


Thanks to the improvement of living standards and medical treatment, people today not only live longer but also have a better health condition. As for how to live happily after retirement, people have divergent opinions. Many senior citizens claim they would rather continue to work.

Admittedly, old people are supposed to get retired at certain age due to various reasons. What comes first is their health that to a large extent decides their work efficiency and effectiveness. Unavoidably, it is much easier for old people to suffer from fatigue and diseases. However, owing to their years of services, the company has to pay higher salaries, which is not cost effective. Moreover, the retirement of old people provides job opportunities for youngsters and curbs the growth of unemployment rate.

However, there are many old people in good physical condition expecting to work continuously at their old age. For them, the life after retirement is boring and meaningless. They are not satisfied with simply reading books, walking dogs, and gossiping with neighbors. The primary purpose for them to work is actually not for money but for a life full of sense of achievement and an opportunity to maintain the connection with society. They deserve job offers that allow them to keep making contribution to society. Compared with young people, they have more valuable work experience and commitment.

To sum up, although there are reasons for senior citizens to retire at certain age, it is much more meaningful for those who are healthy and willing to work continuously to keep working.

本文作者: Cindy(公众号:英文写作素材)


Write about the following topic:

In most countries multinational companies and their products are becoming more and more important. This trend is seriously damaging our quality of life.

Do you agree or disagree?

Model Answer:

Multinational companies nowadays find it convenient both to market their goods all over the world and set up production facilities wherever they find it convenient. In my opinion this has had an adverse effect on our quality of life in three main areas.

The first area is their products. Supporters of globalization would argue that multinational companies make high-quality goods available to more people. While this may be true to some extent, it also means that we have less choice of products to consume. When powerful multinational companies invade local markets with their goods, they often are obliged local companies with fewer resources to go out of business. In consequence, we are obliged to buy multinational products whether we like them or not.

This brings me to my second point. It is sometimes said that multinational companies and globalisation are making societies more open. This may be true. However, I would point out that as a result the human race is losing its cultural diversity. If we consumed varied products, societieswherever we live would be more varied. This can be seen by the fact that we all shop in identicalmultinational supermarkets and buy identical products wherever we live.

Thirdly, defenders of multinational companies often point out that they provide jobs. Although this is undoubtedly true, it also means that we have become more valnurable on them, which in turn makes us more vulnerable to their decisions. When, for example, a multinational decides to move its production facilities to another country, this has an adverse effect on its workers who lose their jobs.

All in all, I believe that if we as voters pressured our governments to make multinational companies more responsible and to protect local producers from outside competition, we could have the benefits of globalisation without its disadvantages.



Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit.

Model Answer:

I do not agree with the statement that businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. I state my opinion on the following points.

First of all, every company must have its moral code. It means that a company should treat its clients properly and respect their rights. Of cause a company may lose a part of its profit but security of its clients must be on the first place. Otherwise, clients will switch to another company and never be back. For instance, a few years ago “Jonson&Jonson” produced a new type of painkillers. Unfortunately, this product was not tested properly. As a result of this many people died and received injures. The president of the company made a crucial decision to call back all painkillers from all distributors and pay to all injured customers for their treatment. It cost a lot of money for the company but it saved its image and clients. It was a very difficult decision, but the president of the company understood that it would cost him even more in the future because he would not be able to return clients" respect. Loosing customers means for a company loosing its profit.

Second of all, in order to succeed in the modern world companies have to compete with each other. Many companies lose their profit decreasing prices on their products. They do not aspire for extra profit but for clients" satisfaction. Companies do it because they want their products sold and their customers satisfied. They offer discounts, free delivery, free service, free Internet access, good return service, etc. All these are done to make their old customers happy and attract new clients.

To sum up, I think a company, which the only goal is profit will not succeed nowadays. Otherwise, companies that respect their clients and want to see them satisfied will make a fortune.







比如:When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents, in my opinion.

这句话当中的“when all things are considered”和“in my opinion“都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:

Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents.


例如:Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at this point in time.

“due to the fact that”就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have now.



例如下面这个例子:The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size.

large对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:

The farm my grandfather grew up on was large.


My grandfather grew up on a large farm.


例如:My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents" farm.

这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents" farm.




例如:The situation that resulted in my grandfather"s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather"s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

My grandfather couldn"t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

2.避免频繁使用“there be”结构。

例如下面的句子:There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.


My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.


My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.


例如:Dairy cows were raised on the farm,which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an areathat was remote.


The dairy farm was located in a remotearea, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.


例如:In the fall, not only did the cows haveto be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather"sfamily.

本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-mygrandfather"s family”,而使用了被动语态後,彷佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

In the fall, my grandfather"s family notonly milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.


例如:My grandfather didn"t have time tostand around doing nothing with his school friends.

Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

My grandfather didn"t have time toloiter with his school friends.


例如:Profits from the farm were not times they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They werenot sufficient to pay for a university degree.


Profits from the farm were sometimes toosmall to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree.


1. 雅思小作文写作结构搭建:

(1) 第一段的introduction:直接改写题目——句型主动改被动或是反之,单词可做稍微替换,虽然说改写比较简单,但是这一步骤缺一不可。一定要改写题目,一定不能照抄。

(2) 第二段的overview:图表中,你最先看到的,最最明显的特征,你这里可以做以下稍微的总结,因为怕你后面没时间进行总结,小作文的时间最多只有20分钟,要放在大作文后面写,很多时候大作文会占据大于40分钟的时间,那么你的小作文时间就会来不及,那么在这里你对于最最明显的特征进行总结,就算到后面没时间,也不会因为没有对图表特征进行总结而扣分。

(3) 第三段的details:图表所提供的信息就是需要你进行对比的。对比分两种:纵向和横向。纵向是跟自己比,比之前自己增长了,还是下降了;横向比是跟别人比,跟比人比我是第一还是最后。图表中的数据信息,你无需所有的数据都写在你的文中里,只需要特征明显的,比如位于首位,位于最后这种,还有就是一定要进行对比。

(4) 如果你前面的overview段有总结了,就无需再来个结尾段了,不过要是有时间,你也可以进行一句话的结尾。

2. 雅思小作文素材积累


时期:from…to, between…and, over/ during the period from 1995 to =over/during the period of one decade

上升:go up, climb, grow, rise, increase, ascend, show an upward trend=show an increasing/rise trend

表明/揭示:show/reveal/indicate/reflect/present/describe/illustrate/demonstrate/compare/give informationabout + n

缓慢、逐渐:slow, slowly=gradually=steadily=consistently=step by step,contious

迅速:rapid, quick, swift,sudden, sharp, dramatic

小幅度:slight(ly), modest(ly), moderate(ly), marginal(ly)

大幅度、明显:sharp,drastic, considerable, noticeable, marked, dramatic, significant, substantially,

下降:fall, go down, drop, decrease, decline, descend, dip, dipped, show a downward trend, plummet, plunge

波动:fluctuate, fluctuation,eg: rise with some fluctuation, go up and down=be unstable/flexible=be in instability/flexibility

保持平稳、不变:level out/off at + n=stabilize / hover at + n= reach a plateau at + n

Stay/keep/remain/maintain + stable/ unchanged/constant at+ n

大约:about,around, almost, nearly, roughly, approximately, just over/under…,… or so

达到最大值:reach the maximum=reach the peak/summit/culmination at + n=peak/summit/culminate at…=reach the highest point at

达到最小值: reach the minimum=reach/touch the bottom at…=bottom out at…=reach the lowest point at…

补充:according to = in accordance with= based in= in terms of =in the light of = in line with

Comparing…=compared with/to…=in comparison with…= different from…

While, whilst, whereas, yet

To conclude, in conclusion=to summarize, in summary=to sum up=all in all =overall

3. 雅思小作文写作训练






我们都知道雅思写作分为两个部分:TASK1 和 TASK2。TASK1需要在20分钟内完成,TASK2需要在40分钟内完成。下面就TASK2部分进行剖析,找到其提高技巧。


例 如:Some parents in the United Kingdom decide not to have a television intheir home. They believe that, by doing this, their children will spend theleisure time more creatively. To what extent do you agree or disagree with thisdecision?


一般来说,雅思文章的结构通常就是:第一段:现象句+考题改写+本人立场,第二段:论证一(topic sentence +支持句),第三段: 论证 二(topic sentence +支持句) 第四段: 论证三(topic sentence +支持句), 第五段:总结段。


例如这样一句话,说出来就没有任何意义:I like Hollywood movies because I like them. 相反,如果换个说法:I like Hollywood movies because its comedies attract me most. 这样说出来才有意义。通常在写文章得时候可以把考生分成两类,一类是遇到了一篇自己很熟悉的题目,写起来便滔滔不绝了,一发而不可收,控制不了自己。



在雅思写作中语言和句式的巧妙运用也可以为文章增色不少。 在写作时用简单的语言把复杂的意思表达出来可谓是伟大之举。



例如:Firstly, in order to know itself better, a country needs to remember thepast. “Why we have these traditions? Why our culture and lifestyle are differentfrom other countries?” Those questions about us can only be answered by thehistory of the country. In addition, from the past, we can also learn lots ofthings. As old person always says “the past just like a mirror which can help usdo better in the future”. Indeed, from the failures and successes in the past,we can seek reasons, thus can avoid making similar mistakes.

句子 “Why we have these traditions? Why our culture and lifestyle aredifferent from other countries?” 放在这一段落中是不是看上去更加活泼了。







不恰当:solve the conflict

修改:resolvethe conflict


不恰当:pinpoint the argument

修改:analyse the argument


过分复杂:anatomies (剖析) theissue

修改:analysethe issue


不准确:deathful disease



不正式:terrible problem



不准确:patronage the shop

修改:patronize/frequentthe shop


不准确:an increase trend

修改:agrowing trend




The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university.

Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community.

Model Answer:

I think it is a great idea to build a new university in my community. However, I think it is a controversial question whether the building of a new university will bring only benefits to our community. In this essay I will analyze advantages and disadvantages of this issue and present my view in favor of establishing a new university in my community.

From the one side, establishing a new university in my community brings many benefits. First of all, a new construction means more job opportunities. I think it would be good for my community because many people have to spend much time driving to their work day in and day out because they could not find a job in our neighborhood. Second of all, a new university is a good chance to meet new people and I like this opportunity. Many students will live in our community. Finally, if a new university is built in my community there is a big chance that I will be willing to enroll in it. I think it is great because it is not far from my place and I do not have to move to another part of the city. Another important aspect of this is that people from my community will have a chance to use new libraries and facilities of a new university. For example some people can take courses and classes there.

From the other side, building a new university can bring some disadvantages. A new construction means noise, traffic jams and different kinds of pollution. In addition to these disadvantages, many young people in our community can cause more noise especially in the evenings.

To sum up, I think that I would support the decision of the government of establishing a new university in my community despite a few disadvantages that could follow this construction. I believe that a new university will increase a chance of many young people to get a higher education, gain more knowledge and experience, which will help them to succeed in today’s world.


Write about the following topic:

More and more qualified people are moving from poor to rich countries to fill vacancies in specialist areas like engineering, computing and medicine. Some people believe that by encouraging the movement of such people, rich countries are stealing from poor countries. Others feel that this is only part of the natural movement of workers around the world.

Do you agree or disagree?

Model Answer:

The so-called ‘brain drain’ from poor to rich countries is now robbing poorer countries of essential personnel like doctors, nurses, engineers, and the trend is set to continue, if not to get worse.

Some people say this movement of people around the world is not a new phenomenon. Migrant workers have always been attracted by the wider choice of employment and greater opportunity in major cities in their own countries and abroad. Recently, as the technological age has advanced and as richer countries find themselves with not enough workers to feed their development, they have had to run to other parts of the world to find the necessary manpower. Many richer European countries, for example, are now trying to attract skilled IT workers from my home country India by offering higher salaries than they could hope to earn at home. With the globalisation of the world economy, many people feel that the process cannot be stopped.

Others, myself included, are of the opinion that measures should be taken to address the problem, by compensating poorer countries financially for the loss of investment in the people they have trained, like doctors and nurses. Admittedly, this may be cumbersome to administer, but an attempt could be made to get it off the ground. Another step, which in part has already begun to happen, is to use the forces of globalization itself. Western countries could encourage people to stay in their own countries by direct investment in projects like computer factories or by sending patients abroad for treatment, as is already happening.

It is obviously difficult to restrict the movement of people around the world and it is probably foolish to try to stop it, but attempts should be made to redress the imbalance.



































1) Some children are so selfish that they always engage in some malicious behaviors, like littering.

2) It is universally acknowledged that mobile phones are widely used in our daily life.

3) Children always obtain money from their parents.

例句中,malicious一般用来形容本质出于恶意的行为,形容乱丢垃圾显然过大了,建议改为improper;同理,2,3句中universally acknowledged换为generally believed;obtain 换为get即可;不恰当的大词起到的只能是反效果。




比如,最常见的表达影响的词“affect, effect”许多考生搞不清楚前者为动词后者为名词,各种用错;再如表缺乏的词组:lack of, 考生想当然的在前面加be动词使用, 殊不知,lack当动词,名词都可以,唯独没有形容词的用法。

类似的还有表达“替代”的几个词:replace, instead 和substitute。有些考生误以为三者都是动词,其实,instead 为副词,substitute 既是及物动词,不及物动词,又是名词。


1) When the amount of supply beyond the market demand, the price will go down.

2) When one studies at home lonely, he or she will be less motivated.

3) With the number of cars increases sharply, traffic congestion has become more serious in urban areas.



lonely—alone 和




If the product is of good quality and meets people’s needs, people will buy it. Therefore, advertising is unnecessary and is no more than a type of entertainment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?



1. 娱乐功能:在指导人们购物上,广告的作用正在衰退。举例,人们更喜欢通过互联网的帖子和测评信息来选择商品。

2. 销售功能:广告帮助人们有效地了解和对比产品。举例,通过广告中对于相关产品的参数,功能,和总体性能的描述,客户能了解到该产品的特点和价值,并对于产品的好坏做出判断。

3. 刺激销售:广告能勾起观众的购买欲。举例,一个精美的广告往往能让用户重复购买他们不需要的东西,如奢侈品广告。


What is the root function of an advertisement in media? Some people believe it is just for entertaining viewers and it has nothing to do with products selling. Personally, I hold an opposed view that advertising is still the main way of stimulating the consumption of common goods, and my reasons will be explored as below.

Admittedly, Advertisements today have less influence on the public to purchase commodities, because now there are diverse information accesses to understand a product. For example, on an age of Internet, people with desires of purchasing goods, especially the youngsters, prefer reading the professional articles of forums or assessment websites collecting comments and feedbacks from consumers, or listening to the advices from the face-to-face communication with friends and peers. In their eyes, the description of a certain product on an advertisement is unpractical, unobjective and unconvincing. Therefore, advertisements—such as posters in billboards and Videos in TV screens—are viewed as the amusement by which the audience’s stress and worries in minds can be relieved.

However, I strongly believe this assertion underestimate advertisement functions in day-to-day life. Firstly, by what way can a customer be sure of whether a product is really good or needed? The answer is definitely the advertisement. For example, today cell phones of different bands have a high similarity in their appearances and shapes, and it is a big challenge for customers to pick put the right one. So there is a necessity for adverting, which can clearly presents the inner components, parameters and unique features of a cell phone. By reading the detailed information, customers can easily distinguish one product from others, and make a proper judgment of which one is the best or most satisfying for them.

The second reason against this assertion is that advertisements can encourage viewers to buy items they do not need. For example, typical slogans on advertisements like “special discount”, “limited time offer” and “buy one get one free”, are overwhelming temptations. They manipulate brains of customers, driving them to purchase these bargains, with no concern of whether the products are really essential or not.

All in all, this assertion is basically problematic. Although the influence of advertisements is declining, they are still irreplaceable, in terms of their great contributions on instructing people to compare and select high-quality products, as well as sparking the desire of customers to do more shopping.


Task:Many people fail to achieve a balance between work and the other parts of life. What causes the situation? How to overcome this problem?


1. 根本的原因之一在于,巨大的工作竞争和压力让人们变成工作狂。为了保住饭碗,他们不得不长时间的加班,开会,来确保他们在工作上有一个好的表现,也表现出他们对于公司的贡献和忠诚。

2. 另外一个原因在于,科技不断地提高着人们的工作量和工作预期。举例,电灯的发明让员工们在晚上加班成为可能;手机也模糊了工作和休息的界限,让人们在私人时间,周末,甚至是出门旅游的时候,也总是接到关于工作的短信和指示,这让他们无法顾忌自己的休息和照顾家庭。

3. 如何恢复工作和生活的平衡,取决于如下几个方面:首先,公司应该提供终身的工作合同,这能减少员工对于下岗的恐惧和压力,也让他们能把一些注意力用于个人生活。此外,工作时间应该被严格控制,禁止深夜和周末的加班。此外,人们在私人时间的时候,也应该远离那些通讯工具,不然自己被工作信息所困扰。


Nowadays, there has been a heated social trend that the whole life of people tends to be surrounded by work, so that they are lack of time for the personal lives. In the following words, I will give possible relevant causes and solutions to this social issue.

This phenomenon stems from many causes, and the first one is about employment. In fact, limited job positions, in conjunction with the overpopulation and a declined economy, make the job competition increasingly fierce. For the security of jobs, all employees have to devote themselves into work to keep a good performance. Besides, working hard also represents their loyalty and values to the companies.

Another direct cause is driven by new technologies which serve a function of enhancing the working expectation among employees today. For example, the invention of electronic lights has made working at night available for workers, thus prolonging the work time. Similarly, the wide application of cell phones blurs the border between working and living. In leisure time of weekends and holidays, calls and messages from the companies, leaders of workplaces and clients frequently interrupt and even cancel the leisure plans of employees, as well as stealing their private time that could be spent on the family, children, and parties with friends.

In order to recover a balance between working and living, I think there should be combinative efforts of social laws, companies and individuals. Firstly, it is the responsibility of the government to strictly enact and carry out the laws of limiting the number of working hours in all positions of companies, which can ensure that employees have enough private time for leisure, exercise and family. Secondly, on the level of companies, they should provide life-long contracts, instead of temporary ones, to staff. Under a long-term security of employment, workers would get rid of the fear of losing jobs, and can devote themselves into working in moderation, rather than becoming workaholics. Lastly, employees should change a work-oriented lifestyle after a hard day at work, for example, ignoring emails, text messages and instructions sent from companies, which is a good way helping them to shift their concentration from working back to living.


Task:The speeding up of life in areas such as travel and communications is negatively affecting the society at every level --- individual, national, and global. Do you agree or disagree?



1. 个人层面:生活的加速会增大人们的压力,因为它破坏了生活的平衡。举例,飞机大大加速了人们的出行,但是也带来了更高的工作预期和更紧凑的时间计划。在太多例子中,企业员工被要求在早上乘坐飞机抵达另一个州,甚至是国家,来参加会议和谈判,然后又搭乘午夜的航班飞回家,中间没有任何的休息时间。结果是,人们会感觉筋疲力尽,喘不过气。

2. 国际层面:快速的运输和通讯系统的建立会进一步破坏环境。举例,飞机的频繁使用会排放大量的尾气。同样的,为了满足无线通讯的需求,如手机,数不清的基站被建立在山区和森林里,这破坏了生态圈。

3. 国家层面:便利的旅游和通讯会破坏一个国家的文化。举例,飞机增强了国家之间的联系,如贸易和旅游,但这也把国外文化引进到国内,这会导致文化竞争,并很有可能杀死本土文化。同样的,互联网的兴旺也把人们暴露在一个全球的流行文化之下,如流行音乐,电影,游戏,这让年轻人失去对于本国文化的兴趣。


Nowadays, modern technologies have sharply speeded up people’s traveling and communication. Some people argue that there are many negative results behind this fast-paced trend, personally, nationally, and globally. Personally, I strongly agree with this view, and my reasons will be explored as below.

Firstly, on the personal level, an accelerated life pace make individuals stressful, due to it breaks the balance between working and living. For example, airplanes, the fastest transportation nowadays, can largely shorten the time of people’s long-distant traveling, while its high efficiency also causes higher work expectancy and tighter work schedule. For example, in a single day, a manager of multi-national companies is asked to take plane to go for a meeting in another region and country far away in the morning, and fly back to the home at night. This fast and exhausting lifestyle not only damages people’s health, but also alienates them from families, because of the lack of time spent on exercise, rest, or dinners with spouse and children.

In addition, on the international level, fast systems of global transportation and communication worse the environment. For one thing, an increasing number of cross-border air flights mean more fossil oil is burned and more waste gas is emitted, such as smog. As a result, this kind of discharge further deteriorates the global warming. Similarly, for the purpose of building up a modern seamless communication system for cell phones and the Internet, new base stations are installed in mountains and forests, new cable ropes are buried under the seabed. These constructions make an overall destruction to the global ecosystem, thus leading to the extinction of species.

Finally, on the national level, the thriving of fast long-distant traveling and communication would destroy cultural identities of a country. For example, fast airplanes bring more foreigners to a region or a country for cross-border meetings and tours. In order to meet the needs and tastes of these new comers, local old buildings are replaced by modern skyscrapers, and traditional cuisines are replaced by western fast food like McDonald. What is more, advertisements and videos of a pop culture on the Internet, from Hollywood movies to rock music, from Paris fashions to online games, draw all attention of the public in any local area. In other words, under the influence of the Internet which plays a role of cultural invader, people will lose the interests and respects in their local culture.

In conclusion, adverse consequences of a fast-paced world are undeniable, including an unbalanced lifestyle, environmental problems caused by airplanes and telecommunication, and the disappearance of a local culture.

(435 words)


Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to new experiences. Others like their lives to stay the same, and they do not change their usual habits.

Compare these two approaches to life. Which approach do you prefer? Explain why.

Model Answer:

Some people like to live in the same house, have the same job and habits all their lives. However, others aspire to changes and new experience. Personally, for the several reasons, which I will explain bellow, I prefer the first approach to life.

First of all, changes in one"s life bring many benefits. One tries new things, gains new knowledge and experience. I think it is great because without changes life becomes boring. I always try to make changes in my life. Moreover, when I feel that my life is boring I do not feel well about it. I feel like I spent those days for nothing. I did not do anything exiting, I learnt nothing interesting and I just waisted my time.

Second of all, people need changes. Furthermore, we need obstacles to overcome and reach our goals. I believe that changes make us stronger, more persistent, more self-confident, and more patient. Also, I feel that all people who succeeded in life like changes and new experience because it is impossible to be the best at some field without perfecting the present knowledge and gain new experience. People catch every opportunity to learn more and change their life for the best.

From the other side, people who like their lives to stay the same are very permanent. They have the same job all their life, the same habits, the same week-ends and even the same years in years out. I think it is boring. What will they tell their children about their lives? What kind of contribution will they make for the society? I think such people are just afraid of changes.

I think curiosity and aspiration to the new experience are two of the main reasons of human evolution. People always wanted to break limits and gain more knowledge and experience. So, people who enjoy change are the engine of human development.


Thanks to the broad coverage of Internet, a growing number of people take online courses or work at home through computers. As people enjoy the benefits brought by Internet, there are also concerns on downsides of online study and work. In my mind, Internet, as an alternative option, brings more benefits than disadvantages for people to work and study at home.

Admittedly, what people complain most about studying and working online is various kinds of distraction that lowers efficiency. For most people, when they turn on their computer, chatting software, like MSN and Skype, logs on at the same time. The messages popping up time to time never fail to divert people’s attention. In addition, there are numerous interesting news on websites containing countless links that direct users to an endless cyber world. As a result, people may waste too much time entertaining themselves by chatting with friends or browsing websites.

However, the above mentioned drawback of Internet can be avoided when people develop self-discipline. For those people, the advantage of Internet for work and study at home is unparalleled. By studying or working at home, people save much time on traffic, especially for those who have to commute during rush hours to the office or travel long distance to the classroom. Also, there is much time flexibility and people are free to arrange their schedule. More importantly, the amount of knowledge and information available online is so huge that can hardly be contained in the largest library in the world, and the content is so updated that can hardly be taught in any university at such a rate.

In summary, though some of the content online may consume users much time and lower their efficiency of work and study at home, the advantages of Internet are far more obvious for people with strong self-control.


In some countries the widespread use of Internet has given people more freedom to work or study at home instead of traveling to work or college. Do the advantages outweigh disadvantages?







本文作者: Cindy(公众号:英文写作素材)


Random Thoughts on the Window


By Qian Zhongshu


It is spring again and the window can be left open as often as one would like. As spring comes in through the windows, so people -- unable to bear staying inside any longer -- go outdoors.


The spring outside, however, is much too cheap, for the sun shines on everything, and so does not seem as bright as that which shoots into the darkness of the house. Outside the sun-sloshed breeze blows everywhere, but it is not so lively as that which stirs the gloominess inside the house.


Even the chirping of the birds sounds so thin and broken that the quietness of the house is needed to set it off. It seems that spring was always meant to be put behind a windowpane for show, just like a picture in a frame.


At the same time it also becomes clear that the door has a different significance from the window. Of course, doors were made for people to pass through; but a window can also sometimes serve as an entrance or as an exit, and is used as such by thieves and by lovers in novels.


In fact the fundamental difference between a door and a window has nothing to do with them being either entrances or exits. When it comes to the admiration of spring, it could be put this way: a door makes it possible for one to go out, whereas a window makes it possible for one not to have to.


A window helps to pull down the partition between man and nature. It leads breezes and sunlight in, and keeps part of the spring in the house. It allows one to sit and enjoy the spring in peace, and makes it unnecessary to go looking for it outside.





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